Originally, human beings wrote on different pads, on pieces of bark and wood, on bones, on clay fragments etc. up to parchment (nothing else than fine animal skin).
Parchment and paper, these are the most important writing materials of the past for us human beings. But the specialty lies within paper that came to Europe in 1150 via China, Syria and also Gibraltar.
The further development of paper made of tree fibers enables the most different usages.